Roland Dürre
Wednesday September 18th, 2019

(Deutsch) Die smarte Maske des digitalen Kapitalismus.

Sorry, this entry is only available in German.

Roland Dürre
Thursday August 22nd, 2019


Virtual and digital.

Im Smoking – es geht zur Gala. 

Wearing my Smoking – on the way to the Gala.

Money has always fascinated me. Not only because you can buy everything with it, but also because it is something virtual with important functions and with immense strength and power.

Money is a virtual commodity. It needs belief and symbols If you want it to fulfil its purpose, you actually need an almost absurd belief in the value of money. Because nobody wants to spend anything he values without getting something real and secure in return.

Money will work as a currency if a huge collective unit accepts it as “valuable”. If you have no majority of people in a society who believe in it, then you can forget about it.

In terms of architecture and functionality, money has two functions.

First and foremost, money is a

I. means of payment

that simplifies the exchange of goods, perhaps even enables it. But it also has a second function that you want to strictly separate from the first. It is about money to be paid back in the future, generally also called “debts“, along with “providing“.

II. Financing the present and providing for the future

In this context, we now get the additional dimension of time. You can accumulate money in order to provide for your future. It is called saving.

You can also try to improve the present at the cost of a future. In other words, I can buy and get and use something today but pay for it (a lot) later or in instalments. For instance because I have no money today but assume to have money tomorrow. For whatever reasons.

This is how I can build a house with borrowed money. This is how you also generate income from capital or rights. All I have to do is find someone who believes me when I say that I will pay my debt back tomorrow, i.e. at a defined time in the future.

Both – saving and borrowing – precludes that the currency will remain stable as time goes by. But that is seldom happening. However, before we deal with the phenomenon inflation, let us talk about interest.

After all, this covering of time only became possible through interest. Now, if you owned more money than you needed (in other words, if you were rich), you could give the money you did not need to someone who needed it. This person (also called debtor) could buy what he needed and had to pay interest for being given money. And he could calculate how much more he had to pay for something he needs immediately.

If you talk interest, you immediately also need to talk inflation. If, for instance, the inflation is higher than the interest rate, then you can become rich by indebting yourself – totally without any work. And this is how “the devil will always shit on a huge pile of shit”. In other words: poor and rich automatically build opposing poles.

As I said earlier, money has always been a virtual commodity. It has often been represented by actual things (coins, paper notes). If you had these objects, you were able to take part in the property game.

Typically, the objects were special things, like coins or paper.

As civilization progressed, you could generate your own money. All you needed was the trust of your business partners. Laws and the debt tower improved your security. For instance, you could formulate debt contracts as bills of exchange and received goods against an unconditional pledge of payment for a certain time in the future.

Today, we have less and less objects that represent money. This is how money becomes an entry in a global book that describes who the money belongs to. The global book is realized and kept by a complex banking system. It is called technological advance that this book is now no longer written on paper but digitally administered.

With Blockchain technology, they now try to do this accounting in a digital, decentralized and global manner. In particular, they want to be independent from central service providers, mostly with camouflaged identities, which means the owners can register through their sw system and need not lay open their authenticity.

Mostly, however, these currencies are still linked to state systems. And the money is administered by private enterprises, the banks. That makes sense, because historically, it has been assumed that countries cannot become bankrupt. After all, everything belongs to them and they can always take the money from their citizens.

But in reality, it is the trust of the citizens in their country and its currency that carries the system. If this trust is no longer there, the currency can easily be dead. It happened several times in the past, and the consequences were always catastrophic.

So modern currencies like the dollar, the Euro or the Renminbi can easily die. Even if it sounds unimaginable to us, it can easily happen. Without the function of money, business life is not imaginable.

Mental experiment:
What would happen in such an event?

The answer seems simple.
New currencies would have to come. The necessary requirement is that the people trust in them. Such a trust can best be generated in groups that share mental concepts.

Nobody ever said these groups have to be state regulated. These communities should be huge. The biggest communities we find are those in the internet. Consequently, the idea that huge internet enterprises should carry these communities sounds logical.

This is why I see a facebook currency (for example) in a different light. And I believe it would be a good idea if we prepared for such a currency. Simply to have something on standby if the dollar, the Euro, or the Renminbi (or all of them) will collaps.

Let me be clear about this:
It might happen that, in our country, currencies that we have discriminated against and fought, like the LIBRA, will suddenly become saviours of the world-wide business life. If, for instance, the three currencies collaps, where are we supposed to take our money?

It might happen faster than we would like it to happen.

Here is another difference between Libra and similar currencies and Bitcoin:

When all is said and done, what facebook wants to do is organize a faith group currency. LIBRA will probably become a classical, purely digital antiquated currency. It has nothing to do with a crypto currency. Bitcoin is totally different – the distinctive criterion is that the owners are camouflaged behind their software and their registration and remain anonymous. However, it seems to me that anonymous property is not something we want in our society. And even with Bitcoin, you only get it in theory. If nobody else, then at least the miners prevent it.

nd here is a cynical question: I could easily imagine the catholic church as provider of an internet currency. There are still many people who trust in it – and there is a great argument in favour of such a provider – the enterprise has 2,000 years of success behind it.


Roland Dürre
Saturday August 17th, 2019


Chess is not the only area where, once in a while, you should use your brains.

To me, it seems clear that humanity, that is we all, must produce LESS. That means

– fewer cars,

– fewer planes,

– fewer tanks,

– fewer machines,

– fewer streets,

– fewer electronic devices,

– fewer buildings,

– less concrete and tar,

– fewer wars,

– less plastic,

– less waste,

– less meat,

– less CO2 …

– and so on.

It goes without saying that we also have to use up, or, better said, “destroy”, less oil, coal and gas, as well as soil and nature. Perhaps we should also stop making more and more water reservoirs, because in the long run, it is rather doubtful if they are very beneficial, whereas the damage they do is quite obvious. In general, we should completely stop with how we affect nature.

I see a lot of GROWTH potential for this list that tells us all the things we should do LESS of. To put it broadly: we should do fewer stupid things!

In other words, it is clear that growth as a general healer is a thing of the past. Thus, whenever you hear news about the economy growing, this is bad news. And if you hear about “negative growth“, then this is good news.

As always, the huge political and economic goal of our times is GROWTH! And what do the institutions we humans installed, such as governments and central banks, do? With their money market policy, they try to support, even force, growth world-wide. Even such strange tools as “negative interest rates“ are applied. Just to give the great fire of the economy some fuel at all costs.

The BREXIT is a good example. Whenever I hear people who criticize the Brexit, the main argument I hear is that the BREXIT will not only minimize the prosperity and economic growth of the Brits, but also that of all of us. But wouldn’t that be good news for the world? One might conclude that we need many many BREXITs and a totally new and different form of globalization.

For the sake of growth, we have negative interest rates. However, they do not bring us “social justice”. On the contrary, they create an even stronger polarization between the poor and the rich. I never understood them.

Whenever I let someone else have money, there is always a real risk that I will not get it back. So why would I let someone have my money if I know in advance that, in addition to the risk of losing it, I also get back less than I gave?

The evolution forces our society both individually and collectively to struggle against growth. By now, we even have laws that require LESS. And since politics do not want to act, they now appeal morally to the individual person. Fly less, eat less meat, and similar calls are heard all over the place. Since politics are incapable of doing their job, the problem is now handed back to the citizen.

Thus, we get a schizophrenic system. To me, our perverted economic system looks like a steam engine. The banks and politics put in more and more, thus increasing the pressure. The people try to impede the machines that are processed by the steam engine in order to minimize the mania.

Normally, what you get is a big bang. Which is the consequence of very ordinary system failure.

However, it is more than doubtful if, in a capitalist system, it is possible at all to break free from the growth-oriented environmental destruction and from the fossil exploitation in favour of a sustainable and circular economy without questioning the basic principles of capitalism.

But why is LESS so hard? My personal experience with LESS is very positive. Consequently, I tell myself: how nice would it be to have a voluntary, creative and collective LESS policy.

Less noise, less waste, less destruction. That would really be a huge transformation with lots of change, including the governing capitalist metrics. If we had such an innovative process, a lot would be destroyed. Because innovation is creative destruction.

However, there must be someone who controls the transformation process and tries to assuage the consequences. Who could that someone be?

Politics? They currently discuss the soli. It might be a good idea to re-organize it, instead of abolishing it. Let us forget about re-unification. And let us use the soli in order to alleviate the downward spiral for those who, predictably, will suffer from the transformation that is necessary in order to save the planet. After all, the consequences of said transformation will probably be more dramatic than those we had after the re-unification.

The transformation will come no matter what. And unless we get under way instead of procrastinating, it will come by itself. And it will probably be rather disruptive and hit us even harder.

Our politicians are definitely procrastinators (Prokrastination).

(Translated by EG)

Roland Dürre
Sunday August 11th, 2019

(Deutsch) Die CLOUD im Theater.

Sorry, this entry is only available in German.

Roland Dürre
Saturday August 3rd, 2019

The Art of Braking


The hyperloop secret.


Schema des Hyperloops
(from: Wikipedia)

Among other things, I also mentioned Elon Musk in my last . Let us look at another one of his topics: the . It is also one of the high-technology projects/ideas where Elon Musk invests.

The underlying idea is simply that land-oriented vehicles  are easier to move around in an evacuated  tube than in fresh air. Typically, land-oriented vehicles use wheels (railway), but sometimes they are magnetic levitation trains or hovercrafts



As I see it, the specialty about hyperloop is that it has been generated as an open source project, i.e. the findings are commonly available. There is also a competition, which is held every year in a test tube in Los Angeles. The vehicle with the maximum final speed wins. Mostly, the participants are teams from universities.

The TU München won this competition several times. This year,  they also won it. I find this quite remarkable. Consequently, I asked the question: “how can a team from a country like Germany that is no longer the leader in technology and digitally win such a competition?” 

The answer is remarkably easy:
The length of the test distance  is finite. So far, the pods pass a tube that is only 1,200 metres long. And the TUM team soon realized that the top speed correlates both with the time and the distance you can use for acceleration. So the first goal must be to minimize the brake distance, because this is how you have as many metres as possible for acceleration.

And – sorry for this cynical remark – as everybody knows, when it comes to braking, we Germany are really great. Consequently, the vehicle  WARR of TUM (note the naming) has the best braking system of all the vehicles in the competition. Thus, it can still accelerate when the competition is already braking.

For his Hyperloop contest 2020, Elon Musk plans with a distance of around ten kilometres, including a bend. Maybe the braking advantage of WARR will no longer be so pronounced then.

Regardless, it will still be true that:
if you want to be fast, you first need to learn how to brake. Because since the total path is limited, you need to find a way to use as much distance as possible for acceleration.

Here is a nice metaphor for life:
If you want to be fast, first learn how to brake! 



Klaus Hnilica
Friday August 2nd, 2019

It Can Be Done With White – I Know …

Dear Roland,

I understand your desire to promote freedom and your solid belief that this vision of yours must be something we can achieve on this planet (see: ), but in my view, the future of the world is white.

Because if our earth were basically white, all would be well. With a little white paint and minimal gen manipulations, this is actually far easier to achieve than, for instance, a removal of the anti-peace testosterone from the male sex.

And the climate change that everybody laments would be practically non-existent, since a white planet would reflect more of the sun’s rays and thus the warming of the earth would be impossible. Moreover, the entire biosphere – i.e. all plants and creatures – would have gotten used to the colour white eons ago. At least in those parts where winter was a matter of course.

But even apart from this, in a white world, all potential conflicts would solve themselves in a white fog: all racism would be obsolete, because all humans would be white. White facial and top hair would further reduce the difference between generations and sexes, especially if everybody wore white clothes.

The number of books would be drastically reduced, because white print on white paper would provide us with totally new perspectives and every man, woman and child would need only one book. Besides, it would be totally irrelevant how many pages such a book has. Except in those cases where you need a particularly thick or thin book in order to stabilize a tilting table.

This aspect would be similarly dramatic in art and photography, thereby reducing the common capitalist intrigues in the art scene to a minimum. And all lamentation that this would mean that such a measure removes the yellow of the egg would be of no consequence, because you would only have the white of the egg. Not to mention the world-wide scourge of humanity: colour blindness. In a single stroke, all humanity would get rid of it once and for all.

Written hate messages would no longer exist in a white world, because if you use white writing on a white surface, you cannot do much and thus you cannot spread hatred. The powerful concerns Appel, Facebook, Alphabet and Amazon would have a totally new face in such a world, their stock market value would certainly dwindle to almost nothing or even become zero.

The same would be true for the entire digitalization in general.
And if, in addition, by way of a minimal orthographic reform, the words white and wise were to become synonymous, then this would not only make us all white citizens and voters, but even wise citizens and voters who all would be living in eternal contentment and peace! However, you could not really prove any of this because all white reasoning, even if it were extremely wise, would be invisible on a white background… …

(Translated by EG)

Roland Dürre
Thursday August 1st, 2019

The Teapot and Peace.

The video below was produced by the Schweizer Rundfunk (SRF Kultur). To me, it looks like something you might want to use as curriculum for teaching ethics in Bavarian schools. But I am afraid it will probably not be used. Except maybe if our Prime Minister Markus Söder decrees it in dictatorship manner.

My personal problem is that I actually feel like the protagonist of the video (who is called “Tea-ist”). Except that I do not believe in the teapot with its special orbit around the sun between the Mars and the Earth.

In fact, my belief is far more eccentric and consequently I am even more of an outsider: I believe that we could have PEACE world-wide (in Germany, Europe and globally) and that we could easily do without all the armament industry and its products.

I am well aware of the fact that this is a rather extreme belief and that I am lucky not to be kept between bars for it. But there is hope!

For instance, Elon Musk is said to have sent a Tesla-Cabrio into space and said vehicle has been orbiting there for some time already. To be sure, the disadvantage is that even as a space hiker, you can now be hit by a car.

But it is also possible that Elon will read my article and watch the video. And since he is a good person, he might just feel pity with the protagonist in the video and send a teapot into orbit. If it turns out that the teapot finds it hard to keep course, I am sure he will manage to design a solar-powered engine for the teapot. If anyone can do it, he can!

That would mean that the Tea-ist in the video would suddenly be correct. Perhaps said teapot in space, along with my article and the video, could even advertise a little more PEACE. And then the day will come when my vision will become reality.

Well, to be perfectly honest: I do not really believe it. I think it is more likely that AUDI will send a SUV into space. After all, they now want to teach TESLA about electric automobiles. And an AUDI is really something to be afraid of, isn’t it?


If you use the tag filosix, you will find more extremely demanding and entertaining, and, above all, short videos on philosophical topics.

Roland Dürre
Tuesday July 30th, 2019

(Deutsch) Frankfurt in Nauders

Sorry, this entry is only available in German.

Roland Dürre
Friday July 26th, 2019

Sheepshead, School and Digitalization,


Card Playing Stories.


Laub(?)-Solo on Position 3 with 4 Ober, beaten in the Bock Round with Contra. />

Once in a while, I leave the competitive Sheepshaed rounds and play with elderly gentlemen. This hand of cards is totally fictional. Similarities with real hands are purely accidental.

The “elderly gentlemen“ are no older than I. I gave the circle this secret title because it is a very contemplative sheepshead round. The stakes are low, there is no knocking and there is plenty of gossiping.

The “elderly gentlemen“ are mostly retirees or financially independent persons. In general, they built a family and can look back upon a successful professional career. Their lives were full, they always knew right from wrong and achieved a lot as upright citizens. They live in a world that is free of sorrows and peaceful, but they have many irrational fears. Today, they play the roles of good grandfathers and support their children in a particularly model-like way when it comes to caring for the grandchildren.

The hand of the enemy on position 4, who killed my solo.

They also invest a lot of time for this goal of theirs. As helping angels, they constantly travel for other people. And they always know better how to improve matters.

I think that people need to solve their own problems and prefer to support people in finding their own way to deal with their problems. And I also believe that everybody should live his or her life in self-responsibility.

I tried to kiss moral and other dogmas good-bye for good. I also kissed my bad conscience good-bye. If I had not done this, I would think of myself as a totally bad family father and human being when surrounded by these people.

So here is the story. It is about school. Incidentally, one of my daughters is a teacher. She also often tells me stories that surprise me. It is really quite sad how school and education in Germany deteriorate.

The following story is from the world of state schools. However it is not a story my daughter told me. It is from a sheepshead friend of mine, one of the “elderly gentlemen”.

As the end of the school year comes, all teachers have more work than at other times. That is not only due to the fact that they have to write all the reports. Consequently, the grandfathers must have a watchful eye on their “grandchildren whose parents are teachers” in order to give said teaching parents room and time they need for this important end-of-the-year work.

One of the important and time-consuming tasks it taking back the books. They are all free. So the teachers who have (had) to be responsible for all those books now need to get active. And since this takes a lot of time, grandpa has to babysit.

As with all regulars‘ tables, the sheepshead stories are also always value-oriented. Consequently, the story about how school books are returned also gets morally judged. This is also an example that nicely illustrates what Socrates found out: the young generation gets worse and worse. And the wise heads go left and write as they signal how they cannot understand how society deteriorates, as you can clearly see from the condition of the books. What a nuisance it also is to check what papers are hidden in the books. Sometimes even with secret data. You can also lament about the loss of power and authority in modern times and school.

I, too, move my wise head right and left. Because I cannot understand why we need school books at all. Don’t we live in the 21st century, i.e. in the digital era? But that is not what I say. Because I know that every one of the men assembled around this cards table will consider a school life without normed school books for all the subjects the end of our occidental German culture.

My ruminations stray to a series of emotional pitches at the Business Competition BayStartup, where young start-up teams pleaded for a digital school. And they also showed what little technology you need if you wish to realize it. And what huge advantages on several levels this would have. However, I also remember how these – admittedly very young – teams were given patronizing smiles by the majority of jurors (and given poor grades). This was a few years ago – and I had hoped that something might have changed by now.

But we live in Germany. My colleagues in the jury – mostly old white men like myself – were not really enthusiastic about such revolutionary ideas. Because even the protagonists of change do not yet understand that innovation is creative destruction. And that school books are a means towards a standardized education.

And even technologically simple things are the opposite of politically easy to realize. Especially not if they are about change. And I probably better do not say what I think about this.

After all, in my sheephead circle, I want to play cards and not discuss digitalization. In the past, my experience was too often that digital life, along with the internet as a fair participation system, is not really understood among the powers that be in this country.

And unfortunately, I must agree with Sascha when he writes:
”The greatest German competence is the competence to remain. It is administered by habit.“

(Sascha Lobo in an article about micro mobility)

And all I can do is warn the old white men (and also the evil female wise-guy ladies):

If you continue in this way, then there will soon be an end to prosperity and the life you love so much in this country. That serves you right! And it is well!


But at least there is good news from Bavaria: They now offer sheepshead as a school subject. It is perhaps the only subject that makes any sense.

Roland Dürre
Saturday July 20th, 2019

Musings at Night


„Thinking of Europe at night
Gives me such a sleepless fright“


Our new logo is at least more attractive than the black-red-gold!?

Here is a small text that might also sound strange and disappointed.
But then, things are as they are, which is why I will try to make my musings at night sound totally joyful.

And I hope that nothing will be served as hot as it is cooked
Before this, I will bow to Heinrich Heine and cite from Wikipedia:

Nachtgedanken is the twenty-fourth and last poem in Heinrich Heine‘s  cycle: Zeitgedichte of 1844. The famous first verse
„Denk ich an Deutschland in der Nacht, / Dann bin ich um den Schlaf gebracht“
has become a winged proverb  (geflügeltes Wort).

A short time ago, I had a stupid idea at night. It was about “getting old”. After all, I am not really very young any more. So I had an idea that made me thoughtful:

My age also has an advantage: the chances that I will have to fight in a war are dwindling all the time.

The idea of having to serve has always been a very uncomfortable one for me. Because this idea makes the option of war a real option. This seemed to be over for us. But is that really true? 
To me, war seems to be the worst of all scenarios. And since now women are also trained as soldiers, I hope that at least the elderly will no longer have to serve in a war. In other words, they will only be part of the collateral damage.

Let us look at the current political situation:

A short time ago, they elected the German Minister of Defense Ursula von der Leyen into the job of EU Commission President. Regardless of the fact that the EU citizens had shortly before voted for totally other candidates. Apparently, those other candidates had not been to the liking of the national European countries.

The new EU Commission President is also said to be the most important lady in Europe and the “Chancellor of Europe”. She outed herself as a “Glowing European”. In my book, she is more a „European Nationalist“. And I certainly do not like nationalists, neither European ones nor those on other continents.

As I see it, “Vive l’Europe!“ is just as bad as “Vive l’Afrique!“ – and I do not at all like inter-continental nationalism like in Europe against Asia or Africa. We need peace and have to save our planet – or else we have to look for other planets together. Mind you, I am rather sceptical about the second option – but given the choice between investing our scarce resources in spacecraft or in wars and armament in order to avoid wars, this is probably the better investment.

Von der Leyen was probably also elected by the European Nationalists. And they are said to be the enemies of Europe. At least that is what they say themselves. Isn’t it strange: you are not supposed to vote Right because they are too nationalist, but you need have no qualms about having them vote for you.

But we do not know. Perhaps the Rightists lie – after all, they are often accused of lying anyway – and they did not vote in favour of von der Leyen. The election was secret. Which is also something I do not understand. As a citizen and a democrat, I would really like to know whom the representative I elected voted for. I would like to see this somewhere in a protected environment. Please make it happen by the next European Elections.

If I were a European Congressman, I would also like to know who gave me his or her vote. Maybe some votes ended up in favour of someone I never wanted?

Secret elections have the disadvantage that they are easier to manipulate than transparent elections. Before the elections, they pointed out massively what damage Europe (the EU) stood to suffer if she is not elected! Isn’t it, then, easy to imagine that an ethically responsible person who weighed all the values against each other sacrificed himself for Europe and switched a few votes for the noble cause. Just as it was when they tried to murder the tyrant on the day the anniversary of which we are again celebrating. It can be seen as an “election modification”, as an act of special civil courage in order to save a continent – I am sure it would count as a heroic deed.

The first thing Frau von der Leyen did was to thank all those who had voted for her. She used the expression “nobody is perfect“ to trivialize the violations of human rights and contractual agreements of the EU members. It is all not so bad. And she also said she wanted to avoid punishment for those who misbehaved, at least as far as the financial sanctions are concerned. It sounded like some general amnesty on the day of inauguration. Doesn’t that sound like a fair amount of self-esteem.

I, too, believe that none of the European countries is perfect. Germany certainly is not. Just look at how we treat EU rules. And how we treat other EU countries. Or, especially painful for me: how we produce arms and distribute them all over the world. Isn’t that also some kind of violation of the laws of humanity.

And the new European Chancellor also understands our strong ally France, which is why she wants to promote the project European Army. I am a little older than Frau von der Leyen and was often in France as a young person in the 1960ies. And I understood how hard it was for the French to accept that they are the losers in colonial politics. This is how I developed some compassion for the ”Grande Nation” that had totally lost its role as former world power.

The new government wants to make France a world power again and delights in nuclear weapons and aircraft carriers. Can’t you understand that? Since it is not possible to do this alone, they are now trying to do it with their ex-arch-enemy Germany as a new ally – and to be on the safe side, they do it under the European Flag.

And neither do you have to take it very seriously that the people in France actually do no longer want to be the Grande Nation. And that the young Germans, too, are fed up with the army, is also of no consequence. A short time ago, I attended an Armed Forces event and heard that, unfortunately, the uniform is not something that is very popular, because the civil society has become “violence averse”. Well, I used to believe it was our shared social goal in this civilization to reduce violence? See the monopoly of the executive power,….

Now you could ask who the new European Army is supposed to fight. I hope it is no longer the Russians. Mind you, Barbara found Siberia quite nice when we travelled through on our train trip to Peking. Allegedly, they also have plenty of mineral resources – and perhaps AM and EM together will manage what Napoleon and Hitler alone could not do.

Perhaps Europe with its new army will also have to defend itself against the sick man on the Bosporus or the evil Islamists with their powerful army? And perhaps they have to protect us against all the future migration from Africa?

After all, you will find it hard to use an army to fight the climate catastrophe or the pollution of our climate through waste and the destruction of this planet. On the contrary: armies will exacerbate and speed these processes.

So what if I now add that, on one of these recent black days, I went to sleep in the evening thinking of nothing bad – and when I woke up in the morning I heard that we now have a new Federal Minister of Defence.

This is my personal Europe Logo. Let us put it on all the tanks and bombers.

It is Frau AKK, who, a few weeks ago, talked about not considering certain things taboo, such as a re-instalment of the only sleeping obligatory army service – perhaps this time as a fair deal for both sexes.

And then I ask my friends to understand why I have such sad moonlight ideas. And why I believe that currently the direction is far from good.

But then I know that everything will in the end turn out differently from what you imagined – and I remain totally relaxed. And I will put up a brave front.

(Translated by EG)