Detlev Six
Tuesday September 28th, 2010

Hartz IV, a Self-Experiment.

So Jan Fleischbauer of the SPIEGEL 
pays five Euros for one glass of wine 
(Anne  Will got it out of him last Sunday 
- it was more like she tortured it out of him).

Five Euros is what Hartz IV recipients get extra 
from now on – for an entire month.

What does that tell us?


The discussions on Hartz IV of some public relations civil servants 
who have no income problems was very much on the same level 
even before the new “margin of subsistence” was defined.

In those days, I wanted to know what it is like 
if you have to survive on 345 Euros. 
I did not want to hear it from people 
who thrive on theory and empathy. 
Or from those with a massive political interest.
I wanted the experience myself.

So I decided to live Hartz IV.

I selected the January of 2007 for the experiment.
It is a month with 31 days. 345 Euros (the monthly 
allowance at the time) divided by 31 days 
are 11 Euros and 13 cents. Minimum allowance.

This daily allowance was also what my 
bookkeeping was based on. On the left side, 
there were the 11 Euros and 13 cent for 31 days as
disposable quantity, on the right side the money 
I actually spent each day – also cumulated.

Here are the basic terms of my experiment:

Nobody was allowed to invite me unreciprocated.
Whenever there was a two-sided invitation 
the values had to be similar 
(food, drink, entertainment).

Here is what I spent:

Food 143.44 Euros

Pub/Cinema 88.88 Euros

Newspapers/Magazines 14.60 Euros

Books (scientific) 20.85 Euros

CD 13.59 Euros

Telephone (private and business) 2.46 Euros

Public Transportation 69.20 Euros

Total: 353.02 Euros

So I overdrew by: 8.02 Euro

What I spent differs from the allowance 
both in number and in categories.

What I spent for food is a little higher
(alcohol was included, I do not smoke) 
than listed in the allowance regulations.

What I spent on accommodation and 
restaurant services is ten times higher.

What I spent on transportation is three times higher 
(which is due to my job – a job I would probably not hold 
if I were truly a Hartz IV recipient).

I spent nothing on shoes, clothes,
home maintenance or health care 
(I was sufficiently equipped in these sectors 
when I started the experiment).

How did I feel?

I ate healthier, because I could not afford 
fast food and Snacks.

In real life, the cost for scientific books 
would not be kept as low as that, because
there would have to be some considerably more expensive books.

My visits to the cinema and pubs 
were less than average. They were not very spontaneous,
but without major withdrawal syndromes.

The visits in private living rooms based on 
the similar expense rule   
were positive virgin land. For the first time in my life 
I did some cooking (I attribute the lack of complaints 
to the special situation in the experiment). 
Due to the necessary planning, the meetings 
were more intense than if I had gone 
spontaneously eating out and spending 
unlimited sums in restaurants 
(but in the future, I would not wish to counter-balance 
every single white herring according to measurement precision class).

So the sum total is:

More planning, less alcohol (expensive!)

But not less happiness, not much less 
culture and zest for life.

I know what you are going to say next.

Well, the experiment only lasted a month.
It would look different if you tried a whole year 
(or even more).

Probably. I would not wish to speculate,
otherwise I would be back with those 
who know a lot but do not even start to understand.
Some other conditions of my experiment 
far-out from life might very well 
be worth a discussion.

But on the whole, I believe it is now 
easier for me to understand what it means 
having to survive on Hartz IV. How the individual
party concerned feels, however,
will always remain a mystery to me.

The only person I can say something about is myself.


(Translated by EG)

4 Kommentare zu “Hartz IV, a Self-Experiment.”

  1. Eilika Emmerlich (Wednesday September 29th, 2010)

    Lieber Detlev,
    das ist kurz gesagt Klasse. Du hast nicht bei der “Tafel” eingekauft, keine Klamotten beim Roten Kreuz abgeholt, hast selten selbst gekocht, für die Flasche Wein wahrscheinlich weniger ausgegeben als Herr Fleischauer für ein Glas. Und hast einen Monat durchgehalten. Nach drei Monaten hättest Du wieder einen Job angenommen, da bin ich mir sicher. Chapeau für diesen Selbstversuch.

  2. kuhn hans-peter (Thursday September 30th, 2010)

    Detlevs “Selbstversuch” ist stark, weil er nicht der Versuchung unterliegt Schlussfolgerungen zu ziehen und Urteile zu fällen.

    Allein das ist mir 5 Sterne wert.

  3. Enno (Monday October 4th, 2010)

    Viele Studenten leben dauerhaft unter solchen Selbstversuchs-Bedingungen. Es funktioniert.

  4. six (Monday October 4th, 2010)

    Studenten müssen sich nicht über das Materielle ausdrücken, sie haben andere Mittel zur Anerkennung. Das macht es leichter, mit weniger Geld zu leben. Wenn aber Menschen ihre Aufgabe verlieren und gleich noch den finanziellen Spielraum dazu, dann ist wahrscheinlich das Stigma des Verlierers das Schlimmste. Deshalb wird der Hader über Hartz IV immer wieder dieselben Endlosschleifen drehen, solange wir uns noch fast ausschließlich über die Erwerbsarbeit definieren und den Status, den wir darin erreichen. Dabei gäbe es jede Menge “statusträchtiger” (im Sinne des Gemeinnützigen) Arbeit in unserer Gesellschaft ausserhalb der Erwerbsarbeit. Aber soweit sind wir noch nicht, dass wir die sehen und annehmen und anerkennen.

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